In the early decades of the Third Republic and universal suffrage, the main issues were the republican regime itself and the place of the Church in it. In addition, peasants and other rural dwellers, including some who were not very rich, were wary of the ultimate designs of socialists and urban proletarians, whom they suspected of wanting to do away with private property altogether. Indeed, their fears were not totally unfounded, and the wealthy did not shrink from stoking them to frighten the less well—off. Progressive taxation has never been and will never be as uncontroversial as some people believe.
This was in the late 1800s. This cultural division among the non-elite happens a lot. I wonder if the left back than was all, why are people voting against their own self-interest?
Maybe people have always had a submissive streak.